Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.10/1087
Título: Neuronal migration defects in the Dreher (Lmx1a) mutant mouse: role of disorders of the glial limiting membrane
Autor: Costa, C
Harding, B
Copp, A
Palavras-chave: Cerebral cortex
Córtex cerebral
Astrocytes
Astrócitos
Data: 2001
Editora: Oxford University Press
Citação: Cereb Cortex. 2001 Jun;11(6):498-505
Resumo: Dreher (dr(J)) is an autosomal recessive mutation in the newly identified LIM homeobox gene, Lmx1a. The homozygous mutant phenotype includes misplaced neurons (heterotopia) in the cerebral cortex, cerebellum and hippocampus, which mimic the mild end of the spectrum of neuronal migration disorders in humans. Heterotopic neurons are found mainly in the normally cell-sparse layer I within the cerebral hemispheres of dr(J) homozygotes. Neu-N immunostaining confirms the neuronal nature of these heterotopic cells, while bromodeoxyuridine-birthdating shows that the misplaced neurons are generated predominantly during the late stages of corticogenesis (E15-E17), suggesting an over-migration of neurons destined for layer II. Immunohistochemistry for laminin, and staining of reticulin fibres, reveals disruption of the glial limiting membrane specifically overlying the areas of heterotopic neurons. Factor VIII (von Willebrand factor) staining shows an abnormal vascular network in layer I, associated with the fragmented glial limiting membrane. Layer I astrocytes, recognized by immunostaining for glial fibrillary acidic protein, exhibit attachment of their end feet to the fragmented glial limiting membrane. We suggest that disruption of the glial limiting membrane is central to the pathogenesis of heterotopic neurons in dreher, perhaps via defective radial glial-guided neuronal migration.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.10/1087
ISSN: 1460-2199
Versão do Editor: http://cercor.oxfordjournals.org/content/11/6/498.long
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