Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.10/687
Título: Cystatin C as a marker of acute kidney injury in the emergency department
Autor: Soto, K
Coelho, S
Rodrigues, B
Martins, H
Frade, F
Lopes, S
Cunha, L
Papoila, A
Devarajan, P
Palavras-chave: Doenças do rim
Serviço hospitalar de emergência
Kidney diseases
Emergency medical services
Cystatin C
Acute kidney injury
Data: 2010
Editora: American Society of Nephrology
Citação: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2010 Oct;5(10):1745-54
Resumo: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) is usually based on changes in serum creatinine, which is a poor marker of early renal dysfunction. The discriminative and predictive abilities of serum and urinary cystatin C were examined for the prediction of AKI. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: In this prospective cohort study, serum and urinary cystatin C were serially measured in a heterogeneous group of patients (n = 616) presenting to a tertiary care emergency department. The primary outcome was AKI, classified according to RIFLE and AKIN criteria. The secondary outcome was an adjudication based on clinical criteria to AKI, prerenal azotemia, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and normal kidney function. RESULTS: Patients were adjudicated to have AKI in 21.1%, prerenal azotemia in 25.8%, CKD in 2.4%, and normal kidney function in 50.7%. For the diagnosis of AKI, the discriminatory ability of urinary creatinine and cystatin C was marginal. Both serum cystatin C and serum creatinine (at presentation and 6 hours later) showed high discriminatory ability for the diagnosis of AKI. However, only serum cystatin C attained a significant early predictive power (Hosmer-Lemeshow P value > 0.05). Serum cystatin C could differentiate between AKI and prerenal azotemia, but not between AKI and CKD. CONCLUSIONS: Serum cystatin C is an early, predictive biomarker of AKI, which outperforms serum creatinine in the heterogeneous emergency department setting. However, neither biomarker discriminated between AKI and CKD. Additional biomarkers continue to be needed for improved specificity in the diagnosis of community-acquired AKI.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.10/687
ISSN: 1555-9041
Versão do Editor: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2974372/
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