Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.10/697
Título: Transfusion of RHD negative patients with RHD positive red cells concentrates: the HPFF, EPE Blood Department experience (2002-2010)
Autor: Barra, A
Barradas, A
Cardoso, E
Costa, C
Fontes, A
Gil, A
Oliveira, C
Pereira, F
Rebelo, S
Palavras-chave: Transfusão de sangue
Blood transfusion
Data: 2011
Editora: International Society for Blood Transfusion
Citação: REGIONAL CONGRESS OF THE ISBT, Europe, 21, Lisboa, June 18 - 22, 2011
Resumo: Background: In transfusion practice we should respect the ABO group and the Rh phenotype. The lack of availability of red cells concentrates [RCC] RhD negative in the quantities desired, do nol always make it possible to satisfy that requirement, especially in urgency. In our practice we never transfuse RhD in some groups of patients RhD negative, like women of childbearing age, children, newborns, patients with disease likely to need multiple transfusions [eg oncologic patients]. Alms: The purpose of this study was to assess possible alloimmunization in RhD negative receivers who were transfused with RhD positive RCC and try to interpret some findings. Methods: We included in this study all patients RhD negatives who received RhD positive RCC in our department from 2002 to 2010, all of them have been made an antibody screening by IAT and Enzyme before transfusing. We used for antibody screening the Card-ID “LISS/Coombs”, with the test cell reagents ID-Diacell I-II-III and the Card-ID “NaCl, enzyme test and cold agglutinins” with the test cell reagents Diacell I-II-III P. In case of positive results in the tests we used for antibody identification the ID-Cards “LIDSS/Coombs” with the ID-Panel and/or the “NaCl, enzyme test and cold agglutinins” with the ID-Panel P. When we had doubts in antibody indentification with the ID-Panel we tried resolve Them using the ID-Dia-Panel plus 6 (All the reagents and cards are DiaMed). The results for negative antibody screening were considered only if this was confirmed 72 hours after the transfusion with RhD positive RCC. Results: From 2002 to 2010 in our department, we transfused 177 patients RhD negative with 621 units os RhD positive RCC. Only 96 patients had inclusion criteria. They had heen transfused with 415 units RhD positive (average 4,48 units/patient), 52 (54,2%) were male and 44 (45,8%) were female. Average age was 77 years old, varying between 23 and 96 years old, 21 (21,9%) patients had positive antibody screening after transfusion and 75 (78,1%) didn’t. Those who were positive, in right (8,3%) were identified isolated anti-D antibodies, seven (7,3%) anti-D and others antibodies, one (1,0%) anti-Lua antibodies and five (5,2%) were inconclusive. Between the patients with positive antibody screening the average age was 77,5 years old, varying between 53 and 89 years old, the total of transfused RCC in this group was 101 (average 4,8 units/patient) and 11 (52,4 %) were male and 10 (47,6%) were female. The patients with negative antibody screening had an average age of 75,1 years old, varying between 23 and 96 years old, the total of transfused RCC in this group was 314 (average 4,5 units/patient) and 41 (54,7%) were male and 34 (45,3%) were female. Summary/conclusions: In our study 21,9% of RhD negative patients transfused with RCC RhD positive had a positive antibody screening. Studying this variables, we couldn’t explain why some patients develop antibodies and others don’t. Maybe in future studies we have include other variables.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.10/697
Aparece nas colecções:IMU - Comunicações e Conferências

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